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EU MDR: Medical Device Regulation

Be confident of medical device market approval in the European Union

medical device regulation overview

Medical device manufacturers will soon be confronted with major changes in the EU's decades-old regulatory framework, which governs market access to the European Union (EU). The MDR will replace the EU's current Medical Device Directive (93/42/EEC) and the EU's Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive (90/385/EEC).

The Medical Device Regulation was officially published on May 5, 2017 and came into force on May 25, 2017. Currently approved medical device manufacturers had an initially three-year transition time to May 26, 2020 which was changed to May 26, 2021 to meet regulatory requirements. For some manufacturers, the new EU MDR provides additional time after the date of application, allowing them to place new products for a maximum of 4 more years on the market. More requirements will apply for this extended transition period. Click here to access the published MDR on the Official Journal of the European Union. The corrigenda for the MDR and IVDR have also been made public in this official journal.

NBOG best practice on designation and notification of conformity assessment bodies

Guide on the expected changes

our medical device certification services

EU MDR: Medical Device Regulation in the European UnionThe new EU MDR imposes strict demands on medical device manufacturers and the Notified Bodies whom they must involve in the approval process of medical devices other than self-declaration class I devices.

TÜV SÜD Product Service is among the world's first certification bodies to receive designation as a Notified Body for the new Medical Device Regulation by the Central Authority of the Länder for Health Protection with regard to Medicinal Products and Medical Devices (ZLG).

With more than 750 medical device professionals in more than 30 locations worldwide, we are the largest EU Notified Body globally authorized to provide certification services under the new regulation.


The EU MDR differs in several important ways from the EU’s current directives for medical devices and active implantable medical devices. The most significant changes in the regulation include:

  • Product scope expansion - The definition of medical devices and active implantable medical devices covered under the EU MDR will be significantly expanded to include devices that have not a medical intended purpose, such as colored contact lenses and cosmetic implant devices and materials. Also included in the scope of the regulation are devices designed for the purpose of “prediction and prognosis” of a disease or other health condition.
  • Identification of "qualified person" - Device manufacturers will be required to identify at least one person within their organisation who is ultimately responsible for all aspects of compliance with the requirements of the new regulation. The organisation must document the specific qualifications of this individual relative to the required tasks. Special relief may apply to so-called micro and small enterprises.
  • Implementation of unique device identification - The EU MDR mandates the use of unique device identification (UDI) mechanisms. This requirement is expected to increase the ability of manufacturers and Authorities to trace specific devices through the supply chain, and to facilitate the prompt and efficient recall of medical devices that have been found to present a safety risk. In addition, the European Databank on Medical Devices (Eudamed) is expected to be expanded to provide more efficient access to information on approved medical devices.
  • Rigorous post-market oversight - The EU MDR request increased post-market surveillance authority by the Notified Body. Unannounced audits, along with product sample checks and product testing will strengthen the EU’s enforcement regime and help to reduce risks from unsafe devices. Annual safety and performance reporting by device manufacturers will also be required in many cases.
  • Specifications - The EU MDR plans to allow the EU Commission or expert panels to be defined to publish Common Specifications which shall then be taken into account by manufacturers as well as Notified Bodies. These Common Specifications shall exist in parallel to the Harmonized Standards and the State of the Art.
  • Reclassification of devices according to risk, contact duration and invasiveness - The EU MDR will require device manufacturers to review the updated classification rules and update their technical documentation accordingly by considering the fact that class III and implantable devices will have higher clinical requirements and a regular scrutiny process.
  • More rigorous clinical evidence for class III and implantable medical devices - Manufacturers will need to conduct clinical investigations in case they do not have sufficient clinical evidence to support the claims done on both safety and performance of a dedicated device. Device manufacturers will also be required to collect and retain post-market clinical data as part of the ongoing assessment of potential safety risks.
  • Systematic clinical evaluation of Class IIa and Class IIb medical devices - Manufacturer will need to re-prepare their clinical evaluation by considering the new wording of the regulation on when an equivalence approach and under which circumstances it is possible to justify not conducting a clinical investigation.
  • No "grandfathering" provisions - Under the EU MDR, all currently approved devices must be recertified in accordance with the new requirements. Exemptions are under negotiation right now.

Conformity assessment procedures

The complex development process for most types of medical devices, combined with the need to address new regulatory requirements and obtain Notified Body approval, is likely to make the transition a complicated and time consuming process for most device manufacturers. Further, currently approved devices are not exempt from the requirements of the new regulation and will need to be re-evaluated and re-approved.

As manufacturers need to apply for an applicable conformity assessment procedure based on their product classification, a step by step information guide on each of the procedures is provided here

Speak to your notified body today

Since a large number of medical devices will now require Notified Body review and approval, delays in the review and approval process by Notified Body should be expected. Therefore, it is recommended that manufacturers of currently approved devices consult with their respective Notified Body to evaluate potential compliance issues and to develop a plan to address them promptly. Advanced preparation and early action will be key to ensuring a smooth transition to the new requirements. 

Find out more about the new EU MDR on our frequently asked questions page or contact us for more info.


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